How Often Do Rabbits Pee and Poop?

For bunny owners, poop and pee aren’t just waste – they’re vital health indicators for these delicate animals. Rabbit urine and fecal habits carry many clues about your pet’s wellbeing. But with rabbits pooping hundreds of times per day and peeing even more frequently, it can seem impossible to keep track! Never fear. In this riveting article, you’ll uncover everything you need to know about normal rabbit waste elimination plus how to spot potential health issues. From proper poop texture to normal pee color, you’ll learn how to monitor your rabbit’s litter habits and catch problems early. Get ready for some helpful – and surprising – info on your bunny’s bodily functions!

Normal Amounts of Pee and Poop in Rabbits

Rabbits are prolific poopers! On average, rabbits poop around 300-400 poop pellets per day. This may seem like a lot, but it's completely normal for rabbits. Here's a closer look at normal pee and poop amounts in rabbits:

  • Rabbits poop during the day and at night. They produce pellets pretty consistently throughout the 24 hour cycle.

  • The amount of poop depends on the rabbit's size and diet. Larger rabbits and those eating more hay will poop more.

  • Typical amounts range from 300-400 pellets per day. Dwarf breeds produce less, while large breeds produce more.

  • Poop pellets are small, dry, and compact. They resemble cocoa puffs or peppercorns.

  • Rabbits produce two types of poop: fecal pellets (the dry oval-shaped ones) and cecotropes (softer, cluster-shaped poop rabbits ingest directly from their anus).

  • Cecotropes are an important source of vitamins, minerals, protein and bacteria for rabbits. They produce them at night then eat them to obtain nutrients.

  • Rabbits pee 3-10 times per day. They tend to urinate more at night. Smaller rabbits and juveniles may pee less frequently than larger adults.

  • Urine volume ranges from 30-150 mL per kg body weight per day. An average sized 4 kg rabbit pees around 120-600 mL per day.

  • Pee amount depends on water intake, which increases with vegetable and fruit consumption.

As you can see, rabbits poop and pee frequently! But as long as their output falls within normal ranges, it's nothing to worry about. Monitoring poop and pee can help alert owners to any potential health issues.

Different Types of Rabbit Poop

Rabbits produce two different types of poop:

  1. Fecal Pellets

  2. Fecal pellets are small, dry, oval-shaped poops. These are the ones you see consistently around the rabbit's habitat.

  3. They are made of indigestible fiber that forms into a hard pellet shape in the intestines. Mostly composed of hay/grass.

  4. They are typically brownish in color and very dry and firm.

  5. Passed during the day every few minutes to hours. Rabbits poop while they eat and hop around.

  6. Each fecal pellet is about 1/8 inch in size (or 0.5 cm). Size and shape varies slightly between individual rabbits.

  7. The number of fecal pellets produced per day depends on the rabbit's size and diet. Typically 300-400 per day.

  8. Cecotropes

  9. Cecotropes are soft, pudding-like, cluster-shaped poops rabbits eat directly from their anus.

  10. Not true feces. They contain beneficial nutrients formed by cecal fermentation. Rabbits reingest them to obtain vitamins, proteins and minerals.

  11. Produced at night then consumed by rabbits directly from the anus. You'll rarely see them lying around.

  12. Color, texture and size varies. Can be dark brown to grayish-brown. Mushy and moist, like a cluster of grapes.

  13. Vital to health. If rabbit stops eating cecotropes, can lead to nutritional deficiencies.

  14. Rabbits on antibiotics may not eat cecotropes due to disrupted gut flora.

So in summary, the two main types are the dry oval fecal pellets and the soft cecotropes rabbits directly ingest. Both are important parts of the digestive process for rabbits.

Rabbit Pooping More than Normal

While rabbits do poop frequently, if you notice your rabbit's poop output exceeds the normal range, it could signify an underlying issue. Here are some reasons your rabbit may have increased poop output:

  • Diet change – Sudden excess poop can occur if you changed your rabbit's diet, especially if introducing new veggies. Fiber-rich foods like hay and greens promote gut motility and may cause a temporary increase in poop.

  • Lack of cecotrope consumption – Cecotropes are an important source of nutrients for rabbits. If they stop consuming them, it can cause an increase in fecal pellets. Underlying illness is often the cause.

  • Obesity – Overweight rabbits tend to poop more than healthy-weighted rabbits. The extra weight places pressure on organs, which may affect digestion and motility.

  • Parasites – Intestinal parasites can disrupt digestion and lead to loose stools or an increase in poop volume. Coccidia or tapeworms often cause an increase.

  • Diarrhea – Loose stools means the intestines are moving contents faster than normal. Diarrhea results in much more poop output.

  • Dental disease – Rabbits with overgrown teeth or sharp points have trouble chewing and digesting food properly. This can accelerate intestinal transit time.

  • GI stasis – A dangerous condition where the gut slows down or stops working. Causes a build up of food and gas, which can be released later as excessive poop.

If your rabbit is pooping significantly more than usual, schedule a veterinary visit. Treatment depends on the underlying cause but may include parasite control, diet changes, gut motility drugs, or dental work.

Best Diet for Healthy Rabbit Poos

To promote healthy poop habits in rabbits, feed a balanced diet consisting mainly of:

  • Hay – The bulk of the diet should be timothy or grass hay, which provides fiber needed for healthy motility and poop formation. The indigestible parts form the fecal pellets.

  • Leafy greens – Feed a variety of leafy greens daily to provide nutrients and moisture. Dark leafy greens are higher in fiber, promoting healthy poops. Limit high-calorie veggies.

  • Pellets – A small amount of a high-quality pelleted feed helps provide balanced nutrition. Excess pellets can cause softer stools.

  • Treats – Healthy treat options include oat hay, herbs, and small pieces of fruit. Avoid excess fruits and starchy veggies.

  • Water – Always provide clean drinking water. Hydration helps keep the digestive system functioning properly.

The optimal diet consists mainly of hay, supplemented by greens, a few pellets, and minimal treats. Avoid sudden diet changes and feed a high-fiber diet to encourage a normal poop schedule. Monitor poop for changes indicating potential illness.

How Often Should Rabbits Urinate?

Rabbits have efficient kidneys and produce a significant amount of urine daily. Here's what to expect in terms of normal urination patterns:

  • Rabbits pee about 3-10 times per day on average. They tend to urinate more frequently at night.

  • Smaller rabbits and juveniles may only pee 1-2 times per day compared to larger adults who can pee more often.

  • They typically pee far more often than they poop. Rabbits poop around 300 times per day but can pee 3-10 times that amount.

  • Urine volume ranges from 30 – 150 mL per kg body weight daily. A 4 kg medium-sized rabbit pees around 120 – 600 mL per day.

  • Diet affects urine output. Increased water content from fruits and vegetables results in more pee.

  • More pee doesn't always equal more frequent urination. Rabbits may pee larger volumes less often.

  • Rabbits often use litter boxes and prefer to urinate in one corner or area. Look for wetness in one spot.

  • Urine should be pale yellow and clear. Dark, cloudy or reddish urine indicates health issues.

Monitor your rabbit's pee habits to ensure it urinates multiple times per day without straining. Schedule a vet visit if urine volume decreases or color changes.

Problems to Look for in Rabbit Urine

Rabbit urine should be clear with a pale yellow tint. Certain signs in your rabbit's urine warrant a trip to the vet:

  • Dark yellow, orange, or brown urine – Indicates liver or kidney problems, potentially from dehydration, cancer, or other conditions.

  • Red or pink urine – Caused by blood mixing with urine, signaling urinary tract infection or bladder stones.

  • Cloudy or murky urine – Can result from excess calcium or phosphate crystals. May precede bladder sludge or stone formation.

  • Visible sediments or grit – Crystals or tiny stones can cause sediment in urine and lead to blockages.

  • Strong odor – Rabbits' urine should have minimal odor. Foul-smelling urine suggests bacterial infection.

  • Leakage or straining – Difficulty urinating, dribbling pee, or vocalizing during urination can indicate a UTI, bladder stones, or other issues.

  • Decreased volume – Significantly less pee than normal can signal dehydration or urinary tract blockage.

  • Infrequent urination – If your rabbit hasn't peed all day, it could indicate a problem.

If you notice any of these symptoms in your rabbit's pee habits, schedule a vet visit promptly. diagnostics like urinalysis, bloodwork, and imaging can check for underlying issues.

What Color Should Rabbit Pee Be?

Normal rabbit urine should be transparent with a pale yellow tint. The ideal color is similar to that of straw or lemonade. Here’s an overview of normal vs abnormal rabbit pee colors:

  • Pale or bright yellow – Normal

  • Clear and colorless – Can be normal if the rabbit is well-hydrated

  • Dark yellow – May indicate dehydration or liver issues

  • Orange – Suggests liver or kidney disease

  • Pink or red – Caused by blood due to UTI, bladder stones, trauma

  • Brown – Can signal liver dysfunction, cancer, kidney failure

  • Blue or green – Rare; associated with pseudomonas bacterial infection

  • Cloudy or opaque – Can occur with excess calcium or crystals

Besides color, also note the urine concentration. Very diluted urine can signify increased water intake or diabetes. Dark, concentrated urine suggests dehydration.

Rabbit urine color can fluctuate slightly due to diet. But consistent dark yellow, brown, red, or cloudy urine is not normal. Schedule a same-day vet visit if you notice any abnormal urine color in your rabbit. Urine testing can check for underlying issues.

Urinary Tract Diseases in Rabbits

Several urinary tract disorders can affect rabbits and alter their pee habits. Here are some of the most common:

  • Urinary tract infections – Bacterial infection of the bladder or urinary system. Causes bloody, foul-smelling urine and frequent urges to pee. Rabbits strain to urinate small amounts. Untreated UTIs can lead to bladder or kidney damage. Antibiotics are needed for treatment.

  • Bladder sludge and stones – Sludge is a gritty sediment containing calcium, minerals and crystalline material. Can reach high volumes and solidify into stones that block urine flow. Signs include straining to pee, blood, and abnormal urine crystals or grit. Prescription diets and medications help dissolve sludge and stones.

  • Kidney disease – Reduced kidney function. Can be from infection, cancer, cysts, toxins, or congenital issues. Leads to reduced urine output, urine color changes, and buildup of toxins. IV fluids, medications, and diet changes help manage kidney disease.

  • Urolithiasis – Mineral crystals or tiny stones collect in the urinary tract, obstructing urine flow. More common in males due to their narrower urethra. Causes straining, blood, and small or no urine volumes. Emergency surgery is often needed for blockages.

  • Cancer – Bladder, kidney, or uterine cancer can spread to the urinary tract. Causes blood in urine, straining, and frequent small urinations. Metastatic cancer has a poor prognosis. Pain meds help quality of life.

Prompt vet care for urinary changes can help diagnose and treat many conditions to prevent permanent organ damage. Know your rabbit's usual pee habits so you notice deviations.

How to Promote Good Urinary Health?

To keep your rabbit's urinary system healthy and reduce the risks of disease, follow these tips:

  • Provide unlimited timothy or grass hay – The fiber supports urinary tract health and healthy motility.

  • Give fresh water daily – Hydration is key to flushing the kidneys and bladder. Change water at least twice daily.

  • Feed a balanced diet – Appropriate calcium, magnesium and oxalate levels reduce crystal formation.

  • Use a litter box – Allows you to monitor urine amount and color. Clean box daily.

  • Give toys and exercise – Helps rabbits drink more and urinate out waste.

  • Annual vet exam – Includes a urine culture to screen for silent UTIs.

  • Spay/neuter – Reduces hormone-related urinary diseases like cancer.

  • Avoid sugar – Excess sugar feeds bacteria in the urine, raising UTI risk.

  • Watch urine pH – Acidic urine under 6.5 increases the chance of crystals forming.

  • Address obesity – Extra weight puts pressure on the bladder and urinary structures.

With attentive care and preventative vet visits, you can help your rabbit maintain good urinary health and function. Monitor pee color and volume daily for subtle signs of trouble.


In summary, rabbits have some unique aspects to their pee and poop habits that may seem strange compared to other pets! But with a proper diet and attentive monitoring, you can keep your bunny's urinary and digestive systems healthy. Know what's normal for your rabbit in terms of poop quantity, pee frequency, and urine color. And don't hesitate to call your vet if something seems off. With proper care, your rabbit can enjoy good litter box habits and urinary function well into their senior years.

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